The WGNHS has a principal responsibility among state agencies for conducting groundwater surveys and research. Many activities under this program are closely coordinated with the Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources and with individual counties or regional planning agencies. The Survey also works cooperatively with the U.S. Geological Survey and other agencies about groundwater issues affecting Wisconsin.
Numbers on map correspond to project numbers below. Principal investigator follows project name.
- 1. Use of geologic weighing lysimiters to estimate groundwater recharge and evapotranspiration: Adams County (David J. Hart)
- 2. Impacts of sand mines on groundwater resources: Chippewa County (Michael J. Parsen)
- 3. Groundwater resources of Columbia County (Madeline B. Gotkowitz)
- 4. Occurrence and pathways of human viruses in deep municipal wells: Dane County (Kenneth R. Bradbury)
- 5. New groundwater flow model of Dane County (Kenneth R. Bradbury)
- 6. Effects of unsewered subdivisions on ground-water: Dane County (Kenneth R. Bradbury)
- 7. Groundwater investigations of the Mink River Estuary: Door County (Kenneth R. Bradbury)
- 8. Groundwater model of the Little Plover River: Portage County (Kenneth R. Bradbury)
- 9. Groundwater recharge in the east-central region: Calumet, Fond du Lac, Green Lake, Marquette, Menominee, Outagamie, Shawano, Waupaca, Waushara, and Winnebago Counties (David J. Hart)
- 10. Hydrogeology of the Chequamagon–Nicolet National Forest: Bayfield, Price, Sawyer, and Taylor Counties (Kenneth R. Bradbury)
- 11. Characterizing aquifer heterogeneity using distributed temperature sensing and heat as a tracer (David J. Hart)
- 12. Characterizing geothermal gradients in Wisconsin (David J. Hart)
- 13. Groundwater level observation network (Peter M. Chase)
- 14. Hydrogeology of fractured rocks and karst in Wisconsin (Kenneth R. Bradbury)
- 15. Hydrogeologic information data viewer (Peter R. Schoephoester)
- 16. Inventory of springs in Wisconsin (Susan K. Swanson)
Hydrogeology research at the Survey ranges from original hydrogeologic research to water-resources protection and management. Specific groundwater research projects focus on scientific questions about Wisconsin’s groundwater address questions associated with groundwater movement through fractured rocks, groundwater recharge, land-use impacts on groundwater, arsenic in groundwater, and other topics.
WGNHS hydrogeology researchers
- develop water-table maps,
- build computer models to predict groundwater flow,
- assist with land-use questions, and
- conduct various research projects.
These activities provide information to local governments, state agencies, and the public to help increase their effectiveness is dealing with water-resource protection and management issues. WGNHS researchers also collect data and compile maps about the state’s groundwater, usually at the county level (scale 1:100,000). Products include county groundwater reports, well construction databases, and groundwater-quality surveys.
Educational outreachSome researchers in the hydrogeology program are faculty in the University of Wisconsin–Extension’s Department of Environmental Sciences. Hydrogeology researchers also cooperate regularly with the Hydrogeology Group at the University of Wisconsin–Madison.